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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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All accusations were based on Article 58 of the Soviet code, the penalty
for which is death . . . The Prosecutor charged the accused with only
having dissolved the Home Army officially, and of having retained that
Army in the organisation known as Niepodleglosi (Independence) or in
short Nie (No !).
Thus in Moscow's dock stood the leaders of the greatest resistance
movement created in Europe under German occupation, the only under-
ground, in fact, which had led an uncompromising fight against the
aggressor for five and a half years and at the end of that time had been
able in the final stages of the war to produce over twenty fighting divisions.
The trial was not only against Poland but against England's endeavour to
maintain some influence in Europe east of Germany. The Poles were
in dock because they had, and wanted to have, contact with Britain and
had received her support.
A number of unknown people were produced by the prosecutor as
witnesses. These people presented themselves as members of the Polish
Underground and gave damning evidence against the defendants. For
instance, a certain Jansen declared that, from January, 1944, to January
1945, he had been receiving money from General B6r to be used in hostile
activities against the Soviet Union, yet from October, 1944, B6r was a
prisoner-of-war in German hands. Each defendant by turn (according
to the Russian statements) acknowledged that his activities in the form
of hostile propaganda had been directed against the Soviet Union, but
denied any military action against the Red Army. By some omission
of censorship, the world was able to learn that General Okulicki had called
six witnesses to be brought forward in his defence. When asked where
these people were, he had answered * in the Soviet prisons.' It seems
the court would not agree to call any of these people, as three of them
could not be found, while the fourth was unable to reach the court in
time as the " flying weather was too bad." The remaining two witnesses
the court ruled out as irrelevant to the case.
According to the Soviets, 594 officers and privates of the Red Army
had been killed and 249 wounded, supposedly as a result of the action of
the Polish Underground. The verdict of guilty was brought in and to
the general astonishment the accused received a sentence of imprison-
ment only—General Okulicki to ten years, Vice-Premier Jankowski eight
years, Minister Bien and the others received shorter terms of imprison-
ment, some were even released.
The radio of the c Lublin Government' commented on this sentence :—
" It has been testified in this trial of the sixteen men in Moscow that the
reactionaries were endeavouring to form a bloc with the Germans and
wanted to return to Beck's policy. We, the Polish people, are condemning
these crimes. The Soviet prosecutor did not take into consideration that
these men were acting, not only against the Red Army, but against the Polish
people and their interests as well. They tried to involve Poland in a
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